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References for the empirical relationships:

  1. Milne, W.G. and Davenport, A.G.(1969). Distribution of Earthquake risk in Canada. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 59, pp 729-754.

2. Mickey, W.V. (1971). Strong Motion Response Spectra.Earthquake Notes,Vol. 42, pp 5-8.

3. Davenport, A.G. (1972). A statistical relationship between shock Amplitude, Magnitude and Epicentral Distance And Its Application to Seismic Zoning. Engg. Sc. Res. Report BLWT-4-72.

4. Danovan, N.C. (1973). Earthquake Hazards for Buildings in Building Practices for Disaster Mitigation.  National Bureau of Standards Building Sci. Series 46, pp 82-111.

5. Danovan, N.C. (1974). A Statistical Evaluation of Strong Motion Data Including the Feb. 9, 1971. San Fernando Earthquake, 5th World Conf. Rome. Proc. 1, 1252-1261.

6. McGuire, R.K. (1974). Seismic Structural Response Risk Analysis Incorporating Peak Response Regression on Earthquake Magnitude and Distance. MIT Civil Engg. Res. Report R 74-51, 371 p.

7.Orphal,D.L. and J.A. Lahoud (1974). Prediction of Peak Ground motion From Earthquakes. Bull. Seism. Soc. 64, 1563-1574.

8.   Esteva, L. and Villaverde, R. (1974). Seismic Risk Design Spectra, and Structural Reliability. World Conf. Earthquake Engg. Vth, Rome, Proc. Vol.2, pp 2586-2596.

9. Trifunac, M.D. and Brady, A.G. (1976). Correlation of Peak Ground Acceleration, Velocity and Displacement with Earthquake Magnitude, Distance and Site Conditions. International Journal of Earthquake Engg. and Structural Dynamics. Vol.4 pp 455-472.

10.  McGuire, R.K. (1978). Seismic Ground Motion Parameter Relations, J.Geotech.Engg.Div., ASCE, 104, 481-490.

11.  Donovan, N.C. and A.E. Bornstein (1978). Uncertainties in Seismic risk procedures. J.Geotech.Engg. Div.,ASCE, 104, 869-887.

12.  Cornell, C.A., H.Banon and A.F. Shakal (1979). Seismic Motion and Response Prediction Alternatives. J.Earthquake Engg. Struct. Dyn. Vol.4,pp 333-347.

13. Espinosa,A.F.(1980). Attenuation of Horizontal Strong Ground Accelerations in Western United States and their relation to ML. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 70,583-616.

14. Battis, J. (1981). Regional Modification of Acceleration functions. Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 71, 1309-1321.

15. Campbell, K.W. (1981). Near-Source Attenuation of Peak Ground Acceleration. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 71, 2039-2070.

16. Hasegava, H.S., P.W. Basham and M.J. Berry (1981). Attenuation Relations for Strong Seismic Ground Motion. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 71, 2071-2095.

17.  -----do-----

18.  Joyner, W.B. and D.M. Boore (1981). Peak Horizontal Acceleration and Velocity from Strong Motion Records including Records from the 1979 Imperial Valley California Earthquake. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 71, 2011-2038.

19.  Nuttli,O.W. and Herrmann,R.B.(1984). Ground Motion of Mississippi Valley Earthquakes. J.ASCE 110,54-69.

Abrahamson, N.A. and J.J. Lithiser (1989). Attenuation of Vertical Peak Ground Acceleration. Bull.Seism. Soc. Am. Vol. 79, pp 549-580.